A report by the Research Center of the Majlis (managed by conservatives) warned the big feminine enrollment could cause “social disparity and economic and cultural imbalances between men and women”. The author and activist Bibi Khatoon Astarabadi founded the first school for Persian girls in 1907.

All of these adverts stated whether or not the job in query was open to men and women – or to men alone. The Islamic Revolution of 1979 brought seismic modifications to Iran, not least for ladies.

On 17 January 2020, Raha Bahreini, Amnesty International’s special reporter on Iran, revealed a case of sexual assault on an Iranian woman who had been detained in Tehran in the course of the protests that erupted after the downing of a Ukrainian passenger airplane. After the demise of Khomeini, more practical reforms beneath President Rafsanjani for women began. Rafsanjani asserted that in Islam, “There are no barriers to training of women in any area.” The three major fields which Rafsanjani targeted on were education, family planning and well being, and marriage. Statistics from the 1986/87 12 months show that female admissions into faculties of dentistry, audiology, statistics, optometry, radiology and radiotherapy have been on par with men. Aside from education, Rafsanjani tremendously centered on family planning and well being throughout Iran, with women enjoying the central function.

As commander of the Quds Force, he was in charge of the Iranian troops who fought for Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad. The August 2017 capture and gruesome beheading of Iranian soldier Mohsen Hojaji by members of ISIS turned a propaganda weapon in Soleimani’s arms. Since the Islamic revolution stadium access for ladies has been extraordinarily rare and extremely restricted. She says they have been taken to Iran’s notorious Evin jail, interrogated and accused of being spies. Her third arrest got here in May that year, whereas she was on holiday together with her son.

In Iran, women’s pursuit of equal rights to men date back to the 19th and early twentieth centuries. According to Nayereh Tohidi, women’s actions in Iran can be divided into eight intervals. In September 2008, Iran’s judiciary returned the tax bill to the legislative council with complaints concerning the polygamy and tax articles, which faraway from the invoice.

Women’s engagement in informal and private sectors are not included in the data. The World Bank estimates women’s participation in all sectors is 32% and seventy five% for men.[citation wanted] In 2006, the estimated percentage for women’s management roles was three.four%. After the 1979 Islamic revolution, Khomeini mentioned, “Women have the best to intervene in politics. It is their responsibility, Islam is a political faith”.

Khomeini led protests about women’s voting rights that resulted within the repeal of the legislation. Because the primary Pahlavi Shah banned the usage of the hijab, many ladies decided to show their favor of Khomeini by carrying a chador, thinking this may be the easiest way to point out their assist with out being vocal.

As feminine enrollment in colleges grew, the sexual segregation in educational specialization remained till the late the Nineteen Nineties. In 1998–ninety nine, males comprised 58 % in mathematics, physics, and technical fields with 71 p.c of secondary college college students.

Voting rights

Previously, Iran’s civil code granted children and spouses of Iranian men citizenship mechanically, whereas youngsters born in Iran to Iranian women and foreign fathers should stay in Iran no less than until they’re 19 earlier than they can apply. Elated female fans wore the national inexperienced, white and purple flag around their shoulders and over their hair as they streamed into a tiny part of Tehran’s eighty,000-capability Azadi Stadium for Iran’s 2022 World Cup qualifier towards Cambodia.

Islamic periods

Waving flags and snapping selfies, 1000’s of Iranian women on Thursday attended a football match freely for the primary time in decades, after FIFA threatened to suspend the country over its controversial stadium restrictions. And Iranian women’s continuous acts of defiance in opposition to the veil have been the warmth beneath that bubbling pot. Music, banned from radio and television, was “no totally different from opium,” the ayatollah determined. When he outlawed alcohol, troops from the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) seized more than 1,000,000 dollars’ worth of imported wine and beer from Tehran’s Intercontinental Hotel and poured it into the gutter.

This gap is overreaching and affects points such as life-style, familial relationships, politics, and faith. For lots of the younger women one topic gaining reputation is the difficulty of the veil. After the 1979 revolution, the Hijab became obligatory in addition to modesty requirements; loose-fitting clothes as well as a Rusari (headscarf) that covers all the hair. There has additionally been an increase in baddhi-jab, or girls who wear the legal requirements but to not the letter of the legislation, typically having the vast majority of their hair showing. Many young city Iranian women claimed that they’re turning into much less conventional.

During the rule of Mohammad Khatami, Iran’s president between 1997 and 2005, educational alternatives for girls grew. Khatami, who thought women’s place was in the residence, did not search to exclude females from public life. Noting more women had been participating in larger training, Khatami said the rise was regarding but did not want to cut back it.


In December 2017 and January 2018, several women took off their headscarves to protest. One of “the Girls of Revolution Street”, Vida Mohaved, was arrested for crimes towards public morals, encouraging corruption and prostitution, and was sentenced to a year in jail. Punishment is given out to not solely those who protest but additionally those that defend them; Nasrin Sotoudeh, an Iranian human rights lawyer who defended women who were girls irani being prosecuted for protesting compulsory hijab, was sentenced to 38 years in prison and 148 lashes. Many argued that veiling ought to be restored to cease additional dissolution of the Iranian id and culture, as from an Iranian viewpoint the unveiled women are seen as exploited by Western materialism and consumerism.

In Iran, women usually are not allowed to ride bicycles pursuant to an Islamic fatwa issued by Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. According to the Muslim clerics, if a person sees a girl using a bicycle, it’s going to lead to crimes including sexual offenses, monetary crimes, religious infidelity, and non secular disobedience.